Purpose: To ensure educators working with American Indian students are aware of past efforts at improving the academic achievement of these students, the limited success of these efforts, and current federally funded Indian education programs
The Ways, an online educational resource for grade 6-12 students, explores contemporary Native culture and life.
Various lists of contrasting cultural values between American Indians and Euro-American immigrants can be found in articles, books and on the web. As Hap Gilliland notes in his book Teaching the Native American, "none of the generalizations in these lists apply to any one person from either group, but they are something to think about when one observes and works with students."
This link to the National Park Service's website provides information to American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians about the National Park Service Cultural Resource programs.
This wikipedia reference offers reflections on the role of the elders in the American Indian communities. It gives suggestions on how the Elders' knowledge and experience can be blended into the education of younger American Indians.
This article by Dr. Jon Reyhner, Northern Arizona University, explores the virtue of humility in relation to self-esteem, pointing out how self-esteem is primarily a western value. Through a series of vignettes he illustrates how traditional values have sustained Indian communities through the trials they have endured.
This resources provides a listing of common symbols used in American Southwestern Indian arts with their typical cultural meanings.
The Manataka American Indian Council provides an overview about the symbols of the American Indian.
This link is to a document describing the basic values surrounding the American Indian tribal approach to leadership.
As noted at its website, the "Wisdom of the Elders Radio series offers a series of programs addressing Historical Intro, Elder Wisdom, Speaking Native, Sacred Landscape, Tribal Rhythms, Health and Healing, Artists Circle, and Turtle Island Storytellers."
This website offers videos discussing culture and values of five First Nations in Canada (Blackfoot, Cree, Ojibwe, Mohawk, and M'ikmaq). As noted at its website, "Four Directions Teachings celebrates Indigenous oral traditions by honoring the process of listening with intent as each elder or traditional teacher shares a teaching from their perspective on the richness and value of cultural traditions from their nation."